Orthotic Practicum Study Guide
Our Orthotic Practicum Study Guide is presented in an outlined format, with easy to follow sections. We break down large amounts of information into smaller, more palatable pieces so that you are not left feeling overwhelmed. This method will allow you to understand and develop your main ideas, followed by the smaller details that you will be questioned on. We have done our best to make this guide as efficient as possible so that you are not wasting time studying unnecessary information!
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In this section we will review the main points of range of motion (ROM) and manual muscle testing (MMT). I will only be covering the fundamentals that I believe to be useful to the examination. If you are unfamiliar with any of the terminology used here please do not be lazy, LOOK IT UP! You will need to know this material.
Range of Motion
You will be required to use a goniometer if asked to measure a patient’s ROM. So let’s make sure you understand how to properly use the device before we begin. The goniometer is made up of an axis (the hinge), a stable arm, and the mobilizing arm.
- Axis (AX): The center of the goniometer should always be placed next to the axis of the anatomical joint.
- Stable arm (SA): Placed proximal to the anatomical joint-the part of the body that will not be moving (i.e. for knee flexion, stable joint will be along the femur).
- Mobile arm (MA): placed distal to the joint and as the name refers will be moving (mobile arm will be along the fibula).
Always assure that the patient is in a stable position and to support the extremity being tested.
Before preforming the actual measurement ensure the patient is in a favorable and safe position. Then assist them through the desired motion (PROM), while explaining what you would like them to do. Don’t be afraid to show them how you would like them to move. Once you have your goniometer in place, have the subject perform the desired motion unassisted.
The chart below will walk you through the starting position (SP) to have the patient in, as well as, how to position the goniometer.
Overview & Preview
This guide provides all the crucial information needed to help you prepare for your practical exam, as well as providing a great base of knowledge that you will use to pass both your written and written simulation exams.
Contents of this guide include but are not limited to:
- Anatomy Review: ROM, MMT, and Biomechanics
- Review of Lower Extremity Orthotics
- Proper Casting Procedures
- Gait Analysis
- Spinal Review
- TLSO/LSO Measurement Procedures
- UE Orthotics
Thanks to the Prosthetic Study Guide, I passed my prosthetic CPM exam the first time around! The fully illustrated section on upper extremity prosthetics was a life saver. I wish I had the orthotic version before I took my exam last year.
Steven Schmoke, CPO
This guide helped me cut right to the chase and really helped me to be motivated to study. I didn’t waist any time looking up irrelevant information.
Jeremy Board Eligible Orthotist/Prosthetist
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